by Ken Nelson for KYTA
In Yin Yoga, floor postures such as Frog, Pigeon, and Bound Angle are held from one to 10 minutes.
The effect of gravity, over time, stretches and compresses the denser tissues, pushing out toxins, pulling in nutrients, and tugging on the joints, bones and fascia (connective tissue), especially in the spine, low back, hips, and thighs. Relaxing the muscles allows the joints to stretch toward their complete range of motion.
The result is greater ease of motion with less effort. We feel more relaxed and lighter when we free up adhesions and “gluing” that solidify the fascia, due to aging, injury, and lifestyle. And yes, we may even become taller as our alignment and the denser tissues respond to stretching. We feel more comfortable at the core, because the fascia that fasten the body together and the ligaments that link the bones are hydrated.
Yin and Yang Yoga
The experience of oneness is the overall aim of yoga, though each yoga practice has its purpose, methods, and results. The body responds to physical pressure in predictable ways. Appropriate stress and rest engages an adaptive repair-response that stimulates the vitality of the tissues. The great “yinsight” of Taoist Yoga is to divide asana practice into two kinds: Yin and Yang, depending upon the nature of the tissue being addressed.
Yang Yoga strengthens yang tissues: the muscles, which are soft, superficial, and elastic. Muscles respond to movement, repetition, and rhythm by lengthening, contracting, and heating. Yang poses use muscles to hug the core, from skin to bone. In Triangle pose, for example, we strengthen muscles by engaging upper and lower body, adjusting the pelvis to stabilize the core, and contracting the muscles of the pelvic floor to protect the joints of the low back.
In Yin Yoga, we relax the muscles in order to stress the joints, thus restoring, enhancing, and preserving the range of motion in the joints. Yin Yoga complements Yang Yoga by rehabilitating and strengthening yin tissues—the bones, ligaments, and fascia: the deeper, denser, more hidden connective tissue.
Fascia: The body’s support system
New evidence shows that fascia is the fabric of life. Fascia is a living crystalline web through which meridians, or nadis, weave the bioelectric signals of vital life force, prana, or chi. Fascia is the body’s structural and energetic support system. Fascia binds and protects all the other tissues in the body and offers a medium of conductivity. Yin postures enhance this matrix of matter and energy – the meridian and organ systems – by targeting attention to and moisturizing these psycho-spiritual-emotional-energetic and physical pathways.
Every muscle cell is wrapped in fascia; every muscle tissue, bundle, and group, and every joint, is layered in fascia. Overnight, the body literally “shrink-wraps” itself through contracting of the fascia. That’s why it feels so good to yawn and stretch in the morning. (Another way to get the benefit of yin tissue realignment is to receive a session of shiatsu or Thai massage. See Ken’s article on the relationship of Yin Yoga to Thai-Shiatsu bodywork.)
Yin Yoga for all
Yin poses are still, deep, and quiet. The atmosphere of a Yin Yoga class is unhurried, internal, and relaxed, with a focus on self-exploration and discovery. Students are encouraged to experiment with the poses, since skeletal variation – the proportion and orientation of the bones – is different for each person. Alignment is everything and not the same for every body. Understanding how anatomical differences affect joint mobility helps students to appreciate their own unique range of motion.
Yin Yoga is growing in popularity because everyone can do it. Many students learn to let go of unfairly comparing themselves with models doing pretzel poses on magazine covers. They drop the idea of how the posture is “supposed to” look” in a super-agile, bendy body, or in a mythical image, and awaken to the living relationship of posture to breath. Learning Yin Yoga poses not only helps improve range of motion, it also empowers practitioners toward freedom and choice in all spheres of life.
Ken Nelson, PhD, LMT, is a senior teacher at Kripalu Center. A leader in mind-body practices, he teaches the healing arts of yoga, meditation, and bodywork. Ken is a former Fulbright lecturer and Kripalu scholar-in-residence, and has offered workshops worldwide since 1975. Visit him online at www.sacredhealingarts.net and www.powerfulworkshops.com.
Ken Nelson, PhD, LMT, is a senior teacher at Kripalu Center. Yin Yoga, Vol. 1, an audio CD, by Ken Nelson, is now available. Purchase Yin Yoga by Ken Nelson: orders@Kripalu.org ($17.98 plus shipping) Or, receive 30% discount for bulk orders of 10 CDs or more at Ken@SacredHealingArts.net